The national demand for Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs) is expected to surge by 15% during the next years according to the most recent statistics available from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. With the demand at such elevated levels in the immediate future, the time will never be better to register for EMT training and begin preparing for a position as an Emergency Medical Technician.

EMTs and Paramedics are emergency responders who’re summoned into emergency medical situations to attend to the sick and/or seriously injured. Required to think quickly on the spot and remain calm under incredible pressure, they’re among the most essential members of any medical facility. Their priceless contributions to the communities they serve make EMTs and Paramedics good job choices for anybody who would like a career that makes a difference in the lives of their neighbors.

What do Emergency Medical Technicians do?

As mentioned above, EMTs and Paramedics attend to the sick or injured in crisis situations. Listed here is the details of the job duties.

What is the process to become an EMT in West Virginia?

EMTs and Paramedics in West Virginia are required to graduate from a postsecondary training program. The State of West Virginia further asks all of its EMTs and Paramedics to be certified. Regardless of the fact EMT certification standards can vary slightly between states, the five steps outlined in the next section are fairly universal.

Step 1: Complete your high school diploma or G.E.D.

The first step towards any position you pursue should always be getting a high school diploma. When it comes to job opportunities in the medical field, this is particularly true. Although it is possible to secure some starting positions without a diploma or G.E.D., you will sooner or later discover that chances for advancement are minimal.

Furthermore, all Emergency Medical Technician programs call for applicants to be high school graduates or G.E.D. holders as part of their admissions requirements. So, no matter your professional career goals, make sure that you finish this step.

Step 2: Register for, and graduate from, an accredited EMT school in WV

If you wish to be eligible to sit for for certification, you will need to first graduate from a state-approved EMT program. Applicants must have finished the training in the previous two years and provide verification of successful program completion on the National Registry website (more info below).

EMT training is provided at various institutions, among them: junior colleges, trade schools, hospitals and traditional universities. You may even take them at fire and police academies.

You can find a current listing of accredited programs close to you by clicking here.

Taking EMT training online

Even though some general online EMT courses are available, you should be warned that you will be required to receive a large portion of your training in-person at an actual physical location. To learn more info on taking an EMT program online, you should speak with one of the highlighted institutions directly.

How long does WV EMT training take?

Based upon the particular training course, EMT programs may often be finished in between 2 and six months.

Below are the most-typical training hours requirements for EMT candidates.

  • Emergency Medical Responder – 40 hours
  • EMT – 110 hours
  • Advanced EMT – 200 to 400 hours
  • Paramedic – 1,000+ hours

Step 3: Hold a CPR-BLS credential

Besides completing your EMT training course, you need to also be CPR-BLS certified ahead of sitting for your certification assessment. All Basic Life Support and CPR certification programs are required to meet standards set by the American Heart Association. Classes are offered through an assortment of institutions, including the American Red Cross.

Step 4: Pass the National Registry EMT Exam

The EMTs certification examination consists of a general knowledge portion (the Cognitive Exam) and a skills demonstration section (the Psychomotor Exam). Whereas the Psychomotor Exam requires students to demonstrate their skills in-person, the multiple-choice Cognitive Exam is provided in an online format. The two segments of the National Registry EMT Exam are looked at in greater detail directly below.

Cognitive Exam

Administered as a CAT (computer adaptive test), multiple-choice exam, the Cognitive Exam is a web-based assessment that tests your basic knowledge. You will find 70 to 120 unique questions on the exam, and you have two hours to complete it. The examination for the most part includes the areas below.

Airway, Respiration & Ventilation (18-22% of exam – 85% Adult/15% Pediatric)
Cardiology & Resuscitation (20-24% of exam – 85% Adult/15% Pediatric)
Trauma (14-18% of exam – 85% Adult/15% Pediatric)
Medical (27-31% of exam – 85% Adult/15% Pediatric)
EMS Operations (10-14% of exam – NA Adult/N/A Pediatric)

Psychomotor Exam

To prove the skills you learned during your training course, you will have to take the Psychomotor Exam at a testing facility. You will be evaluated in all areas for the role. Each area of skills covered on the examination is listed below.

  • Patient Assessment and Management – Trauma
  • Patient Assessment and Management – Medical
  • BVM Ventilation of an Apneic Adult Patient
  • Oxygen Administration by Non-Rebreather Mask
  • Spinal Immobilization (Seated Patient)
  • Spinal Immobilization (Supine Patient)
  • Bleeding Control and Shock Management
  • Cardiac Arrest Management / AED
  • Joint Immobilization
  • Long Bone Immobilization

Step 5: Get your name included on the National EMT Registry

Inside of 30 days of having completed your EMT training, you will need to have your name included on the National Emergency Medical Technician Registry. There’s an $80 fee necessary to get included. This remaining step makes you eligible for work as an EMT.

What’s the median EMT salary in West Virginia?

According to the recent Occupational Outlook Handbook from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median salary for EMTs in the U.S. was $33,380 in 2017. The following data table displays Emergency Medical Technician salary in West Virginia in more detail.

LocationPay TypeLowMedianHigh
United StatesHourly$10.52$16.05$27.40
West VirginiaHourly$9.34$12.85$19.42
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan DivisionHourly$13.15$23.71$37.80
Cumberland, MD-WV MSAHourly$12.02$17.27$23.23
Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV MSAHourly$11.10$16.97$24.20
Charleston, WV MSAHourly$10.04$13.93$21.02
North Central West Virginia BOSHourly$9.25$13.43$18.58
Southern West Virginia BOSHourly$10.17$12.98$17.88
Morgantown, WV MSAHourly$9.99$12.57$19.43
Wheeling, WV-OH MSAHourly$9.37$12.46$18.13
Weirton-Steubenville, WV-OH Metro AreaHourly$8.60$12.16$17.35
Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH MSAHourly$8.86$12.07$19.91

The job outlook for EMTs in West Virginia

Due to the population increasing and the Baby Boomer Generation reaching retirement age in such great numbers, the healthcare industry in general is experiencing record growth in West Virginia. The growth rate for EMTs and Paramedics in West Virginia is projected to be healthy too, with the Bureau of Labor Statistics forecasting a 8% rise in new opportunities across the state by 2026.