If you want to enter an extremely rewarding career in healthcare, becoming a speech language pathologist could be a perfect fit for you! It is a career that can be life changing, for it changes the lives for so many people, and in many cases, children.

According to National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, 7.7% of U.S. children that are ages 3-17 and 7.6% of adults have had a disorder related to voice, speech, language, or swallowing. A speech therapist changes many of lives for the better and gives them access to a normalized and rewarding life!

Speech-language pathologists are also known as speech therapists. A speech pathologist assesses, diagnoses, treats, and assists in the prevention of swallowing and communication disorders in adults and kids. Below we will get in to what causes these disorders, how they are treated and how one gets in to a career in speech therapy.

What is a Speech Pathologist?

As we mentioned above speech therapists or also known speech language pathologists, treat, assess, diagnose and help to curb and cure the common communication and swallowing disorders among kids and adults. There are many causes for the need for speech therapy.

It is most common for to assess a patients speech or language, along with their cognitive abilities. Their goal is to identify the communication problems and figure out the best treatment plan for them. Figuring out if it is a articulation, fluency, voice, receptive or expressive language disorder is vital. Or it can be a combination of them all. Every child and adult is different and it is important that each patient be treated individually.

Causes for vast and widespread as are the treatments. It is important to enroll a patients in speech therapy as soon as possible, for study has shown that the quicker the treatment starts, the better the long term results. We have taken the time to list some of the causes below:

Stroke
Brain injury
Hearing Loss
Developmental Delay
Parkinson’s Disease
Cleft Palate
Autism

What are Some of the Speech Therapy Strategies?

It is most common to see these three strategies used by speech therapists and pathologists. We have provided brief explanations of them for you.

Articulation therapy – Oral exercises such as facial massaging and tongue and jaw exercises to stimulate and training the muscles that are needed for proper speech patterns.

Language intervention activity – These are activities where a SLP interacts with children by talking or playing using objects, pictures, speech repetition and emulation to assist in the stimulation of the language abilities.

Oral-motor-feeding and swallowing therapy – This therapy is an age appropriate exercise using sound production exercises that involve having the speech therapist model syllables and sounds in words.

What Does a Speech Pathologist do

The common duties and tasks of a speech language pathologist or speech therapist are listed below:

Evaluate speech and swallowing difficulty along with language levels
Come up with a treatment plan specific to patient’s needs
Teach patients how to make correct sounds
Assist in the improvement of vocabulary and sentence structures
Help develop/strengthen muscles that are used in swallowing
Counsel any individuals and families on the disorders and how to help

There were over 145,000 working speech therapists and pathologists in 2016 according to bls.gov. Here is where they worked:

Educational services (Schools) – 43%
Medical offices – 20%
Hospitals – 14%
Nursing facilities – 5%
Self-employed – 5%

How to Become a Speech Language Pathologist

A speech therapist or speech-language pathologists or the acronym (SLP) are the professionals who are educated in the study of human communication, development and the disorders surrounding them. A master’s degree is mandatory and one must hold a state certification or license in the field and have earned a certificate of clinical competency from the (ASHA) American Speech-Language-Hearing Association.

Do All States Require Speech Pathology Certification?

No, Not all states require a speech pathology certification. But it is more and more common for all employers to do so. All speech-language pathologists can earn the Certificate of Clinical Competence in Speech-Language Pathology (CCC-SLP). This certification is offered by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Also it is important to note that the certification usually will satisfies all of the requirements for state licensure and like we stated above it is required by most employers in today’s job market for SLPs.

For anyone to get their CCC-SLP certification, they must first graduate from an accredited program(see the list below for all the approved programs), pass the certification examination, and then complete a fellowship under the direct supervision of a licensed speech pathologist. Every three years SLPs must re certify with 30 hours of continuing education training.

There are also three organizations that offer speech therapists and pathologists specialized certifications. These specialized licenses are from the American Board of Fluency and Fluency Disorders, the American Board of Child Language and Language Disorders, and the American Board of Swallowing and Swallowing Disorders.

Accredited Speech Pathology Programs

Enrollment in an accredited SLP training program is mandatory for certification. Below we have gone through and listed all the approved SLP programs by the American Speech Language Hearing Association. Upon graduating from one of these programs you will be ready to take your certification exam and get your speech therapy license n your respective state.

School Name and Website / Program Type / Address

Abilene Christian University / Speech Language Pathology / Abilene, Texas 79699
Alabama A & M University / Speech Language Pathology / 4900 Meridian Street, Normal, Alabama 35762
Andrews University / Speech Language Pathology / 4150 Administration Drive, Room 136, Berrien Springs, Michigan 49104
Appalachian State University / Speech Language Pathology / 287 Rivers St, Boone, North Carolina 28608
Arkansas State University-Main Campus / Speech Language Pathology / 2105 E. Aggie Road, Jonesboro, Arkansas 72401
Aurora University / Speech Language Pathology / 347 S Gladstone Ave, Aurora, Illinois 60506-4892
Baldwin Wallace University / Speech Language Pathology / 275 Eastland Rd, Berea, Ohio 44017-2088
Ball State University / Speech Language Pathology / 2000 University Ave, Muncie, Indiana 47306
Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania / Speech Language Pathology / 400 E Second St, Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania 17815
Bluffton University / Speech Language Pathology / 1 University Drive, Bluffton, Ohio 45817-2104
Brigham Young University-Provo / Speech Language Pathology / Main Campus, Provo, Utah 84602
California Baptist University / Speech Language Pathology / 8432 Magnolia Ave, Riverside, California 92504-3297
California State University-Chico / Speech Language Pathology / First and Normal Sts, Chico, California 95929-0150
California State University-Long Beach / Speech Language Pathology / 1250 Bellflower Blvd, Long Beach, California 90840-0115
California State University-Northridge / Speech Language Pathology / 18111 Nordhoff St, Northridge, California 91330
California State University-San Marcos / Speech Language Pathology / 333 S Twin Oaks Valley Rd, San Marcos, California 92096-0001
Calvin College / Speech Language Pathology / 3201 Burton Street SE, Grand Rapids, Michigan 49546
Carlos Albizu University-San Juan / Speech Language Pathology / 151 Tanca St, Corner San Francisco St, Old San Juan, San Juan, Puerto Rico 00902-3711
Case Western Reserve University / Speech Language Pathology / 10900 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, Ohio 44106
Central Michigan University / Speech Language Pathology / 106 Warriner Hall, Mount Pleasant, Michigan 48859
Clarion University of Pennsylvania / Speech Language Pathology / 840 Wood Street, Clarion, Pennsylvania 16214
College of DuPage / Speech Language Pathology / 425 Fawell Blvd., Glen Ellyn, Illinois 60137-6599
College of Our Lady of the Elms / Speech Language Pathology / 291 Springfield St, Chicopee, Massachusetts 01013
Columbia College / Speech Language Pathology / 1301 Columbia College Dr, Columbia, South Carolina 29203
Copiah-Lincoln Community College / Speech Language Pathology / 1001 Co-Lin Lane, Wesson, Mississippi 39191
CUNY Brooklyn College / Speech Language Pathology / 2900 Bedford Ave, Brooklyn, New York 11210
CUNY City College / Speech Language Pathology / 160 Convent Ave, New York, New York 10031
CUNY Hunter College / Speech Language Pathology / 695 Park Ave, New York, New York 10065
CUNY Lehman College / Speech Language Pathology / 250 Bedford Park Blvd West, Bronx, New York 10468
CUNY Queens College / Speech Language Pathology / 65-30 Kissena Blvd, Queens, New York 11367
Duquesne University / Speech Language Pathology / Administration Bldg 600 Forbes Ave, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15282
East Mississippi Community College / Speech Language Pathology / 1512 Kemper Street, Scooba, Mississippi 39358-0158
East Stroudsburg University of Pennsylvania / Speech Language Pathology / 200 Prospect Street, East Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania 18301-2999
Eastern Michigan University / Speech Language Pathology / 401 Pierce Hall, Ypsilanti, Michigan 48197
Eastern Washington University / Speech Language Pathology / 526 5th Street, Cheney, Washington 99004-2496
Edinboro University of Pennsylvania / Speech Language Pathology / 219 Meadville Street, Edinboro, Pennsylvania 16444-0001
Elmhurst College / Speech Language Pathology / 190 Prospect Ave, Elmhurst, Illinois 60126-3096
Emerson College / Speech Language Pathology / 120 Boylston Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02116-4624
Fontbonne University / Speech Language Pathology / 6800 Wydown Blvd, Saint Louis, Missouri 63105-3098
Fort Hays State University / Speech Language Pathology / 600 Park St, Hays, Kansas 67601-4099
Francis Marion University / Speech Language Pathology / 4822 East Palmetto Street, Florence, South Carolina 29506
Gallaudet University / Speech Language Pathology / 800 Florida Ave, NE, Washington, District of Columbia 20002-3695
Geneva College / Speech Language Pathology / 3200 College Ave, Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania 15010-3599
Governors State University / Speech Language Pathology / 1 University Pky, University Park, Illinois 60484
Grand Valley State University / Speech Language Pathology / 1 Campus Dr, Allendale, Michigan 49401-9403
Hampton University / Speech Language Pathology / 200 William R. Harvey Way, Hampton, Virginia 23668-0099
Harding University / Speech Language Pathology / 915 E. Market Ave., Searcy, Arkansas 72149-5615
Hofstra University / Speech Language Pathology / 100 Hofstra University, Hempstead, New York 11549
Idaho State University / Speech Language Pathology / 921 S 8th Ave, Pocatello, Idaho 83209
Inter American University of Puerto Rico-Fajardo / Speech Language Pathology / Calle Union-Batey Central Highway 195, Fajardo, Puerto Rico 00738-7003
Inter American University of Puerto Rico-Ponce / Speech Language Pathology / 104 Turpeaux Industrial Park Rd1, Mercedita, Puerto Rico 00715-1602
Ithaca College / Speech Language Pathology / 953 Danby Road, Ithaca, New York 14850-7002
Jacksonville University / Speech Language Pathology / 2800 University Blvd N, Jacksonville, Florida 32211-3394
James Madison University / Speech Language Pathology / 800 South Main Street, Harrisonburg, Virginia 22807
La Salle University / Speech Language Pathology / 1900 W Olney Ave, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19141-1199
Lake Region State College / Speech Language Pathology / 1801 College Dr N, Devils Lake, North Dakota 58301-1598
Lamar University / Speech Language Pathology / 4400 MLK Blvd, Beaumont, Texas 77705
Lebanon Valley College / Speech Language Pathology / 101 N College Ave, Annville, Pennsylvania 17003-1400
LIU Brooklyn / Speech Language Pathology / 1 University Plaza, Brooklyn, New York 11201-8423
Loma Linda University / Speech Language Pathology / 11139 Anderson Street, Loma Linda, California 92350
Louisiana Tech University / Speech Language Pathology / 1310 West Railroad Avenue, Ruston, Louisiana 71272
Loyola University Maryland / Speech Language Pathology / 4501 N Charles St, Baltimore, Maryland 21210-2699
Marquette University / Speech Language Pathology / 1250 W Wisconsin Avenue, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53233
Marshall University / Speech Language Pathology / 1 John Marshall Dr, Huntington, West Virginia 25755
Mercy College / Speech Language Pathology / 555 Broadway, Dobbs Ferry, New York 10522
Metropolitan State University of Denver / Speech Language Pathology / Speer Blvd and Colfax Ave, Denver, Colorado 80217-3362
Midwestern University-Downers Grove / Speech Language Pathology / 555 31st Street, Downers Grove, Illinois 60515-5514
Midwestern University-Glendale / Speech Language Pathology / 19555 N 59th Ave, Glendale, Arizona 85308
Minnesota State University Moorhead / Speech Language Pathology / 1104 Seventh Avenue South, Moorhead, Minnesota 56563
Misericordia University / Speech Language Pathology / 301 Lake St, Dallas, Pennsylvania 18612-1098
Mississippi University for Women / Speech Language Pathology / 1100 College Street, Columbus, Mississippi 39701
Molloy College / Speech Language Pathology / 1000 Hempstead Ave, Rockville Centre, New York 11571-5002
Monmouth University / Speech Language Pathology / 400 Cedar Ave, West Long Branch, New Jersey 07764-1898
Nevada State College / Speech Language Pathology / 1125 Nevada State Drive, Henderson, Nevada 89002
New York Medical College / Speech Language Pathology / Administration Building, Valhalla, New York 10595
Northeastern State University / Speech Language Pathology / 600 N Grand, Tahlequah, Oklahoma 74464-2399
Northern Arizona University / Speech Language Pathology / 1900 S Knoles Dr, Babbitt Administrative Center, Room 200, Flagstaff, Arizona 86011-4092
Northern Michigan University / Speech Language Pathology / 1401 Presque Isle Avenue, Marquette, Michigan 49855-5301
Northwestern University / Speech Language Pathology / 633 Clark St, Evanston, Illinois 60208
Nova Southeastern University / Speech Language Pathology / 3301 College Ave, Fort Lauderdale, Florida 33314-7796
Ohio University-Main Campus / Speech Language Pathology / 020 Chubb Hall, Athens, Ohio 45701-2979
Oklahoma State University-Main Campus / Speech Language Pathology / 107 Whitehurst, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078-1015
Pacific University / Speech Language Pathology / 2043 College Way, Forest Grove, Oregon 97116
Rockhurst University / Speech Language Pathology / 1100 Rockhurst Rd, Kansas City, Missouri 64110-2561
Rocky Mountain University of Health Professions / Speech Language Pathology / 122 East 1700 South, Provo, Utah 84606
Rush University / Speech Language Pathology / 600 S. Paulina St. STE 440, Chicago, Illinois 60612
Sacred Heart University / Speech Language Pathology / 5151 Park Ave, Fairfield, Connecticut 06825-1000
Saint Ambrose University / Speech Language Pathology / 518 W Locust St, Davenport, Iowa 52803-2898
Saint Mary’s College / Speech Language Pathology / 133 Le Mans Hall, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556
Saint Xavier University / Speech Language Pathology / 3700 W 103rd St, Chicago, Illinois 60655
Salus University / Speech Language Pathology / 8360 Old York Rd, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania 19027-6262
San Diego State University / Speech Language Pathology / 5500 Campanile Dr, San Diego, California 92182-0001
Seton Hall University / Speech Language Pathology / 400 S Orange Ave, South Orange, New Jersey 07079-2697
South Suburban College / Speech Language Pathology / 15800 South State Street, South Holland, Illinois 60473-1200
Southeastern Louisiana University / Speech Language Pathology / 548 Ned McGehee Ave., Hammond, Louisiana 70402
Southern Adventist University / Speech Language Pathology / 4881 Taylor Cir, Collegedale, Tennessee 37315-0370
Stephen F Austin State University / Speech Language Pathology / 2008 Alumni Drive, Rusk 206, Nacogdoches, Texas 75961
Stockton University / Speech Language Pathology / 101 Vera King Farris Drive, Galloway, New Jersey 08205-9441
Stony Brook University / Speech Language Pathology / 310 Administration Building, Stony Brook, New York 11794
SUNY at Fredonia / Speech Language Pathology / 280 Central Ave, Fredonia, New York 14063-1136
SUNY Buffalo State / Speech Language Pathology / 1300 Elmwood Ave, Buffalo, New York 14222
SUNY College at Plattsburgh / Speech Language Pathology / 101 Broad Street, Plattsburgh, New York 12901-2681
Teachers College at Columbia University / Speech Language Pathology / 525 W 120th St, New York, New York 10027
Texas Christian University / Speech Language Pathology / 2800 S University Dr, Fort Worth, Texas 76129
Texas Woman’s University / Speech Language Pathology / 304 Administration Dr, Denton, Texas 76204
The University of Alabama / Speech Language Pathology / 739 University Blvd, Tuscaloosa, Alabama 35487-0166
The University of Tennessee Health Science Center / Speech Language Pathology / Memphis, Tennessee 38163
The University of Tennessee-Knoxville / Speech Language Pathology / 527 Andy Holt Tower, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996
Touro College / Speech Language Pathology / 500 7th Avenue, New York, New York 10018
Towson University / Speech Language Pathology / 8000 York Rd, Towson, Maryland 21252-0001
Trinity Christian College / Speech Language Pathology / 6601 W College Dr, Palos Heights, Illinois 60463-0929
Universidad Ana G. Mendez-Cupey Campus / Speech Language Pathology / 1399 Ave. Ana G. Méndez, San Juan, Puerto Rico 00926-2602
Universidad Ana G. Mendez-Gurabo Campus / Speech Language Pathology / Carr. # 189 Km 3.3, Gurabo, Puerto Rico 00778-3030
University of Central Missouri / Speech Language Pathology / 108 W South Street, Warrensburg, Missouri 64093
University of Central Oklahoma / Speech Language Pathology / 100 N University Dr, Edmond, Oklahoma 73034
University of Kansas / Speech Language Pathology / Strong Hall, 1450 Jayhawk Blvd, Room 230, Lawrence, Kansas 66045
University of Maryland-College Park / Speech Language Pathology / College Park, Maryland 20742
University of Montevallo / Speech Language Pathology / Station 6001, Montevallo, Alabama 35115-6000
University of Nebraska-Lincoln / Speech Language Pathology / 14th and R St, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588
University of Nevada-Reno / Speech Language Pathology / North Virginia Street, Reno, Nevada 89557
University of New Mexico-Main Campus / Speech Language Pathology / 1700 Lomas Blvd NE, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87106
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill / Speech Language Pathology / 103 South Bldg Cb 9100, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599
University of North Texas / Speech Language Pathology / 1501 W.Chestnut Ave., Denton, Texas 76203-1277
University of Northern Colorado / Speech Language Pathology / Carter Hall – Rm 4000, Greeley, Colorado 80639
University of Northern Iowa / Speech Language Pathology / 1227 W 27th St, Cedar Falls, Iowa 50614-0005
University of Oklahoma-Health Sciences Center / Speech Language Pathology / 1105 Stonewall Avenue, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73117-1221
University of Pittsburgh-Pittsburgh Campus / Speech Language Pathology / 4200 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260
University of Puerto Rico-Medical Sciences / Speech Language Pathology / Rio Piedras Medical Center, Americo Miranda Avenue, San Juan, Puerto Rico 00936-5067
University of Rhode Island / Speech Language Pathology / Green Hall, 35 Campus Avenue, Kingston, Rhode Island 02881
University of Science and Arts of Oklahoma / Speech Language Pathology / 17th Street and Grand Avenue, Chickasha, Oklahoma 73018-5322
University of South Alabama / Speech Language Pathology / 307 N University Blvd, Mobile, Alabama 36688-0002
University of South Carolina-Columbia / Speech Language Pathology / Columbia-Campus, Columbia, South Carolina 29208
University of the District of Columbia / Speech Language Pathology / 4200 Connecticut Ave NW, Washington, District of Columbia 20008
University of Tulsa / Speech Language Pathology / 800 South Tucker Drive, Tulsa, Oklahoma 74104-3189
University of Utah / Speech Language Pathology / 201 Presidents Circle, ROOM 201, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112-9008
University of Washington-Seattle Campus / Speech Language Pathology / 1400 NE Campus Parkway, Seattle, Washington 98195-4550
University of West Georgia / Speech Language Pathology / 1601 Maple St, Carrollton, Georgia 30118-0001
Valdosta State University / Speech Language Pathology / 1500 N Patterson St, Valdosta, Georgia 31698
Vanderbilt University / Speech Language Pathology / 2101 West End Avenue, Nashville, Tennessee 37240
Washington State University / Speech Language Pathology / French Administration Building, Pullman, Washington 99164-5910
West Virginia University / Speech Language Pathology / PO Box 6201, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506
Western Michigan University / Speech Language Pathology / 1903 W Michigan Ave, Kalamazoo, Michigan 49008-5200
Western Washington University / Speech Language Pathology / 516 High Street, Bellingham, Washington 98225-9008
Williston State College / Speech Language Pathology / 1410 University Avenue, Williston, North Dakota 58801
Worcester State University / Speech Language Pathology / 486 Chandler St, Worcester, Massachusetts 01602-2597
Xavier University of Louisiana / Speech Language Pathology / 1 Drexel Drive, New Orleans, Louisiana 70125-1098

What is the Career Outlook for Speech Pathologists?

According to bls.gov’s latest statistics, speech therapists and pathologists are enjoying an 18% overall growth for the career as a whole. Which is well above the national average. With the baby boomer generation needed a record amount of healthcare and the population being higher than ever the demand for speech therapists has never been higher and will be growing consistently. As you can see multiple fields in the the speech therapy spectrum are growing very much.

Speech-language pathologists
18% growth
Health diagnosing and treating practitioners
16% growth
Total, all other occupations in U.S. economy
7% growth

Data from bls.gov

What is the Average Speech Pathologist Salary?

Below you see the breakdown of what a speech language pathologist makes in a year and per hour. All data come from the latest bls.gov data.

2017 Median Pay – $36.83 per hour
2017 Median Salary – $76,610 per year
Typical Entry-Level Education – Master’s Degree Needed
Total # of Jobs in 2016 – 145,100 total jobs
Overall Job Outlook – 2016-26 – 18% growth
Overall Growth – 2016-26 – +25,900 jobs

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