The nationwide demand for EMTs is expected to rise by 15% during the next decade per the latest figures available from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Due to this demand, this is the perfect occasion for anyone who is thinking about becoming an EMT.

EMTs and Paramedics are crisis responders who’re summoned into emergency medical settings to take care of the sick or injured. Expected to think quickly on the spot and keep calm under extreme pressure, they’re among the most essential members of any medical facility. Their indispensable contributions to the areas they work with make Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics good career options for anyone who would like a career that will make a difference in the everyday lives of their neighbors.

What do EMTs do?

As mentioned above, EMTs and Paramedics take care of the sick or badly injured in emergency medical situations. The following list provides a more in depth outline of their position.

  • Respond to 911 phone calls for crisis medical care
  • Assess patient’s condition and apply medical care
  • Provide first aid attention and life support care when necessary
  • Move patients by ambulance
  • Transport patients to medical facility
  • Submit their observations and treatment to doctors, nursing staff, or other medical facility staff
  • Document all treatment provided to patients
  • Clean supplies and equipment after every use

Becoming an EMT in Utah

If you would like to become an EMT or Paramedic in Utah, you’re going to be required to complete a professional training course. Utah mandates that all Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics working in the state be professionally certified. Regardless of the fact that EMT certification standards may vary slightly on a state-to-state level, the five steps highlighted in the next section are pretty common.

Step 1: Finish high school or earn your G.E.D.

The very first step towards any career you pursue should always be getting your high school diploma. With employment opportunities in the healthcare field, this is extremely true. There are some positions in the industry that may be held without finishing a high school education, but they typically provide little room for growth.

Where Emergency Medical Technician courses are concerned, you will also find early on that all accredited programs ask applicants to provide proof of at least a G.E.D. prior to starting classes. For that reason, if you’re considering earning a living in healthcare, it is a smart idea to complete this worthwhile first step.

Step 2: Finish an EMT training program

Prior to challenging for certification as an EMT, you will be required to graduate from an accredited training course. You should have graduated from an accredited school in the preceding two years and be registered on the National Registry (see below) before challenging the certification assessment.

EMT training is often offered at community colleges, trade schools, hospitals, and universities. It’s often also possible to get training at academies for firefighters and police officers.

Click here to see a current list of accredited programs close to you.

Regarding online EMT classes

General classes can be completed online, but a majority of your training happens in a hands-on environment. If you’re still interested in finishing a part of your EMT classes online, you should get in touch with your chosen program and request specifics on their program.

How long does EMT training take?

One should figure on investing at least two to six months in class to become an EMT.

The list below reflects the traditional number of training hours for different types of EMT programs.

  • Emergency Medical Responder – 40 hours
  • EMT – 110 hours
  • Advanced EMT – 200 to 400 hours
  • Paramedic – 1,000+ hours

Step 3: Hold a current CPR-BLS certificate for “Healthcare Provider” or equivalent

Candidates must have a CPR-BLS credential for “Healthcare Providers” for EMT candidacy. So as to be recognized, a certification program should be authorized by the American Heart Association. The American Red Cross is one of the nation’s largest providers of training programs.

Step 4: Pass the National Registry EMT Exam

There are two distinct sections to the EMT certification examination: The Cognitive Exam (based on general knowledge) and the Psychomotor Exam (based on skills demonstration). While the Psychomotor Exam requires students to display their abilities in-person, the multiple-choice Cognitive Exam is given in an online format. Directly below you’ll find a more detailed look at both portions of the examination.

Cognitive Exam

The Cognitive Exam is the practical knowledge-based half of the EMT examination, and it is presented in a CAT (Computer Adaptive Test) format. The exam consists of anywhere between 70 and 120 multiple-choice questions which must be answered within the allocated two hours. The test typically includes the topics below.

Airway, Respiration & Ventilation (18-22% of exam – 85% Adult/15% Pediatric)
Cardiology & Resuscitation (20-24% of exam – 85% Adult/15% Pediatric)
Trauma (14-18% of exam – 85% Adult/15% Pediatric)
Medical (27-31% of exam – 85% Adult/15% Pediatric)
EMS Operations (10-14% of exam – NA Adult/N/A Pediatric)

Psychomotor Exam

The Psychomotor Exam calls for you to show the skills you have acquired. You’ll be evaluated in all areas for the job. Each area of skills found on the exam is outlined below.

  • Patient Assessment and Management – Trauma
  • Patient Assessment and Management – Medical
  • BVM Ventilation of an Apneic Adult Patient
  • Oxygen Administration by Non-Rebreather Mask
  • Spinal Immobilization (Seated Patient)
  • Spinal Immobilization (Supine Patient)
  • Bleeding Control and Shock Management
  • Cardiac Arrest Management / AED
  • Joint Immobilization
  • Long Bone Immobilization

Step 5: Get your name included in the National EMT Registry

After finishing EMT training, all students have to get added on the National Emergency Medical Technician Registry within 30 days of getting certified. A fee of $80 must be paid so that you can get your name posted to the registry. Immediately after becoming listed, you are legally recognized as an Emergency Medical Technician.

Emergency Medical Technician salary in Utah

As reported by the current Occupational Outlook Handbook from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the average salary for Emergency Medical Technicians in the United States was $33,380 in 2017. The following table breaks down EMT salary in Utah in more detail.

LocationPay TypeLowMedianHigh
United StatesHourly$10.52$16.05$27.40
Salt Lake City, UT MSAHourly$11.03$17.88$28.20
Ogden-Clearfield, UT MSAHourly$8.48$17.45$23.64
Eastern Utah BOSHourly$8.58$13.58$17.78
Northern Utah BOSHourly$7.95$13.11$23.50
Provo-Orem, UT MSAHourly$7.97$10.97$19.22

The employment prospects for EMTs in Utah

Due to the population increasing and the Baby Boomers reaching retirement age in such great numbers, the healthcare industry overall is enjoying record growth in Utah. The Bureau of Labor Statistics projects a 34% growth in EMT and Paramedic jobs also through the upcoming decade.